“Ankle injury” symptoms, causes and treatment methods

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Ankle injury” symptoms, causes and treatment methods.

ankles and feet It is another important organ that allows humans to walk, stand, and run with stability. Each person’s feet are different and have unique characteristics. The structure of the foot adapts through use and activity. Foot injuries that each person encounters Including wearing shoes can also affect the feet and ankles. 

Dr. Suthon Bowonrattanawet, Director General Trauma and Orthopedic Center, affiliated with Bangkok Dusit Medical Services Public Company Limited. and senior director Orthopedic Center Bangkok International Hospital said that the foot is the lowest organ. But it is very important to the body. Both bear the weight of the body Supports movement and reflects the work of other organs in the body 

Bones in the foot Consisting of 26 small bones, the bones around the ankle include: The distal part of the shin bone There is a convex part of the bone call the medial malleolus and the tip of the fibula. There is a convex part of the bone called the lateral malleolus and the tarsal bone, which various bones and tendons around the ankle together perform the function of the ankle in Stretch and wiggle and rotate the ankle Helps with balance, standing-walking and take the weight of the body

Common foot and ankle problems

Dr. Apisan Jinanuwattana, orthopedic surgeon Specialized in feet and ankles Bangkok International Hospital said that common conditions that patients come to see the doctor with foot and ankle problems include:

  1. Ankle and foot accidents
  2. Structural abnormalities of the bones, tendons, or joints of the feet and ankles by the abnormality of only one structure Can affect neighboring structures Which leads to other structural abnormalities as well. It also affects the gait. The weight of the foot when walking has changed. In the long run, it affects higher joints such as the knees and hips. Including the joints in the back.

Foot and ankle abnormalities can found in every part of the foot. The foot is divided into 3 parts: 

  1. Forefoot area of ​​the fingertips
  2. Midfoot, area of ​​the balls of the feet
  3. Hindfoot, ankle area 

The most common conditions include bunions. Conditions of the tips of the toes being deformed or riding together, flat feet, high arches, and deformed ankles. It may be a continuation of the ball of the foot or part of the ankle itself.

5 risk factors for “ankle deformity”

The causes of foot and ankle deformity may be due to

  1. Heredity. The anatomical structure of a patient that is inherited genetically.
  2. Loose ligaments or loose joints
  3. Wearing shoes that are unhygienic or not suitable for that person’s feet, such as high heels, shoes that have improper arch support. Shoes with a foot that is too narrow or too wide
  4. Deformity after injury to ankle bones and ligaments and feet that were not properly treated from the beginning Until there may be a problem with the bones not sticking together. The bone is deformed, the joint is tilted, the surface of the joint is worn or partially chipped. The tendon has slipped out of the tendon groove. Ankle ligament laxity causes joint instability and ultimately results in degenerative joint disease.
  5. Joint deformity resulting from destruction of joints resulting from complications of the nerve endings (Charcot arthropathy), which is frequently found in patients with diabetes , etc.